Bible Versions

In this site, the Bible denotes the Word of God in the original languages. For the Hebrew Old Testament, the Aleppo Codex and the St. Petersburg Codex are used (the St. Petersburg Codex is the manuscript B19A, also known as the Leningrad Codex). The Aleppo Codex may be downloaded here. The St. Petersburg Codex is the text commonly used by modern translations of the Old Testament. It may downloaded here. For the Greek New Testament, the 1550 Stephanus (Robert Estienne) edition is used. This corresponds to the text of some of the older Bible translations, such as the KJV. It may be consulted here.

Verse numbers in the English and Hebrew Bibles do not always coincide. For example, Ps 18:2 in the English Bible corresponds to Ps 18:3 in the Hebrew Bible. All verse numbers on this site correspond to the English Bible, including all verse numbers used when referring to the Hebrew text. However, when verse numbers differ and there is a reference to the Hebrew text, Hebrew verse numbers are written between parentheses. For example, Ps 18:2 (18:3) is a reference to Ps 18:2 indicating that the verse has the number 18:3 in the Hebrew Bible.

Unless otherwise mentioned, scripture quotations are taken from the KJV. However, when examining the meaning of a passage in the original language, the proposed translations belong to the author, unless otherwise stated. In addition to the KJV, other versions have been used when the KJV text is difficult to understand or when other translations appear to follow more closely the original language text.

Paragraphs consisting of Scripture quotations use the same version, unless otherwise stated. Here is an example.

Example:    (Gal 5:17) For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.
(Gal 5:18) But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.
The paragraph has no version information. Therefore, the KJV is used.
(Gal 5:19)MKJV Now the works of the flesh are clearly revealed, which are: adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lustfulness,
(Gal 5:20) idolatry, sorcery, hatreds, fightings, jealousies, angers, rivalries, divisions, heresies,
This paragraph indicates that the quotation is from the MKJV Bible. The MKJV is used throughout the paragraph; both Gal 5:19 and Gal 5:20 are quoted from the MKJV.
(Gal 5:21) Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. The paragraph has no version information. Therefore, the KJV is used.

Copyright Notices

ASV  The American Standard Version. It is in the public domain.

Darby  The Holy Scriptures: A New Translation from the Original Languages by J. N. Darby. The English version was first published in 1890. It is in the public domain.

EMTV   English Majority Text Version (EMTV) of the Holy Bible, New Testament. Copyright © 2002-2003 Paul W. Esposito.

ESVScripture quotations marked (ESV) are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

KJVThe King James Version is the default translation used on this site.

MKJVScripture taken from the Holy Bible, Modern King James Version
Copyright © 1962 - 1998
By Jay P. Green, Sr.
Used by permission of the copyright holder.


Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible®,
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973,
1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation
Used by permission.


Scripture taken from the New King James Version®, Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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